Democrats control the House of Representatives or the United States House of Representatives in the US by-election on November 6, although Republicans still control the US Senate.
In the US system of government, the House of Representatives is part of the US Congress. The US Congress is divided into two factions, the House of Representatives and the Senate.
The House of Representatives, made up of 435 members from the districts within a state, represents candidates elected to two-year terms in the US Congress legislature.
The House of Representatives will pass legislation approved by the Senate, which is then sent to the president for ratification.
The Senate, meanwhile, consists of 100 members, totaling two for each US state, electing senators for six-year terms to make US federal laws.
Both the House and Senate will jointly form the Congress. The congress was formed by a combination of 435 members of the House of Representatives and 100 members of the Senate, bringing the congress to 535 members. The term US Congress is used for both members of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
“The House of Representatives is bigger and more specialized. This is the entrance to Congress,” said US political expert Dr Evan Lawrence, reported from inews.co.uk, November 7, 2018.
“People who are not politicians will enter the DPR. The Senate is much more professional. The Senate is made up of politicians. The DPR is elected every two years, while the Senate is elected every six years,” Lawrence added.
In the US political system, the government is divided into three branches, the president and his cabinet (executive), the US Congress (the legislature) and the courts (the judiciary).
The separation of powers is designed to provide a system of checks and balances that prevent any individual or group from gaining too much control.
United States President Barack Obama, surrounded by Congressional leaders, signs a proclamation to commemorate the inauguration, entitled “National Day of Hope and Resolve”, on Capitol Hill, Washington, United States, Monday (21/1), following the swearing-in ceremony. 57th Presidency. AP/Jonathan Ernst, Pool
Like the British Parliament, the US Congress decides and makes laws that govern the United States. Congress also has the power to impeach the president and impeach the president.
The US Congress consists of an upper house, known as the Senate, and a lower house, known as the House of Representatives. Both houses are headquartered on Capitol Hill in Washington DC.
The main role of the Senate is to approve laws proposed by the House of Representatives. Once approved by the Senate, the President then passes any legislation, although Congress can pass legislation if there is a two-thirds majority.
The term of the Senate is six years, but unlike the presidency, there is no term limit for the Senate.
While the House of Representatives consists of 435 members, with an additional six Representatives who did not vote. The House of Representatives has exclusive power to draft budget laws, and to impeach United States officials who are then tried in the Senate.